Migration is one of the most pressing global issues of the 21st century. In the UK, the possibility of a no-deal Brexit in October this year might mark the end of free movement for EU citizens, impacting on low-skilled migration and presenting serious implications for the economy as a whole. By contrast, in April 2019, the Japanese government introduced a new program that seeks to attract 345,000 low-skilled migrants to Japan over the next five years. This seminar considers the current situation facing the UK and Japan and the demographic challenges ahead. Speakers include: Dr Heather Rolfe, who will speak on low skilled migration in the UK and the threat posed by Brexit; and Dr Nana Oishi, who will speak on the growing phenomenon of ‘brain drain’ in Japan and prospects for ‘brain circulation’.